Flow analysis Method
Flow analysis is the generic name for all analytical techniques that are based on the introduction, processing, and detection of liquid samples in flowing media. Flow injection analysis is based on a flow stream characterized by several parameters such as flow rate, volumes, and composition
Physical parameters of the plated materials
A good quality nickel deposit should be flat, smooth and ductile, but other properties, such as surface roughness, have also been measured. A surface roughness profilometer can be used with different additive compositions and concentrations in order to evaluate their suitability for electroplating and the data obtained can be correlated to the specular reflectivity of the coatings and brightness.
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)
Recently, new techniques as Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) are reaching more demand among analytical chemists in quantitative determinations since it is a Introduction 14 unique and versatile spectroscopy method capable of measuring samples in solid, liquid and gas phases.